The student with severe behavioural problems is the one for whom an assessment has been carried out by a multi-disciplinary team, consisting of at least one of the following professionals: psychologist, psycho-educator or social worker; whose overall functioning assessment covers all school, psychological, psycho-social or other data, if any.
- This assessment is done using systematic observation techniques and standardized assessment tools, including a standardized behavioural scale.
- Results on the standardized behavioural scale indicate behaviour that fall at least two standard deviations from the mean for their age group.
To declare a student with a disability or of having a serious behavioural disorder, the following three conditions are essential:
First, a diagnostic assessment must be carried out by qualified staff, the findings of which are used to clarify the nature of the disability or disorder.
Second, disabilities and limitations must arise from the handicap or disorder and must occur at the educational level. These disabilities and limitations restrict or prevent the student’s learning according to the Quebec Education Program and the development of their autonomy and socialization.
Finally, support measures must be put in place to reduce the inconvenience caused by the student’s disability or disorder, i.e., to enable the student to progress in the school environment despite his disabilities or limitations.